eluding, on a subatomic level, the radeOQS of the nucleus. The klnemasaic force field under consideration Is a result of such relative motion, being a function of the dynamic interaction of two relatively moving bodies including the elemental particles thereof. The value of the kinematic force field created, by reason of the dynamic interaction of the bodies experiencing relative motion, is the algebraic sum of the fields created by reason of the dynamic interaction of both elementary particles and of the discrete bodice.
For a closed system comprising only a stationary body, the kinemassic force, doe to the dynamic interaction of tbe subatomic particles therein, is zero because of the random distribution of spin orientations of the respective particles. Polarizelioo of the spin components so as to align a majority thereof in a preferred direction establishes a flux field aligned with the spin axes of the clcmcnUty particles. The present invention is in part comprised of an apparatus for polarizing itx spin nuclei material* while additional means are provided to irxluce an alternating oc undulating effect in the kinematic field so generated.
Accordingly, a primary object of the present invention concerns the provision of means for generating a time-variant kii>:mA5$ic field within a permeable field body due to the dynamic interaction of relatively moving bodies and tbe relative rotation of mid generating means with respect to the ðñãòñàÛñ field body.
The kinematic force field finds theoretical support in the laws of physics, being substantiated by the generalized theory of relativity. Aox»rding to the general theory of relativity three exists not only a static gravitational field but also n dynamic component thereof due to the gravitational coupling of relatively moving bodies.
This theory proposes that two spinning bodies will exert force an each Other. Heretofore the theoretical predictions have new been experimentally substantiated; however, as early as 1896. experiments were conducted in an effort to detect predicted centrifugal forces on stationary bodies placed near large, rapidly routing masses. The result* of these early experiments were in-cooclutivc, and little ebe in tbe nature of this type of work is known to haw been conducted.
It is therefore another object of the present invention to Ø forth an operative technique for generating a measurable timc-varinnt force field due to the gravitational coupling of relatively moving boebes.
In carrying out the present invention, means are provided to enable the relative rotational motion of a first member with respect to a stationary member positioned in do«e proximity thereto; the construction of one embodiment of the first member being such as to enable portions thereof to assume rotational motion about an axis perpendicular to the plane of said stationary member. Tbe effect of the rotation of said member about the axis perpendicular to the plane of the stationary member is to establish a kincmwsic focoe field in the nature cf that referred to in the aforementioned copending application of tbe same inventor. The rotation of said member about the axis lying within the plane of raid stationary member results in an undulation of the dynamic interaction field within said field member* which in turn Induces a secondary time-variant gravitational field in the surrouoding space.
Accordingly, another more specific object of Ihu present invention concerns a method of generating a non-ciecfromngnetic force field due to the dynamic interaction of relatively moving bodies and for utilizing such force field to further generate a secondary gravitational Held.
The foregoing objects and features of novelty which characterize the present invention, as well as other objects of (he invention. Are pointed out vriih particularity in (he claims annexed to and forming a part of the present sixc*ftcatK>n. Ðîã n better understanding of the Invention, its advantage* and specific objects allied with its use, reference should be made to the accompanying drawings and deecripliv* matter in whkh there is illui-(rated and described a preferred embodiment of tire invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 shows an overall view of equipment constructed in accordance with the principles of the preicnt invention, including means to demonstrate the effect of a time-variant kirremassic force field;
FIG. 2 is an isolation schematic of apparatus components competing the time-variant kinematic field circuit of FIG. 1;
FIGS. 3. ÇÀ. 3B. 4 and 5 show the details of cotv etruction of the generator and detector assemblies of FIGS. I and 2;
FIG. 6 «presents measured changes in operating characteristics of the apparatus of FIGS. I and 2 demonstrating the time-variant nature of the klncmassic force field so produced; and
FIGS. 7. 7Ë and 7B arc sectioned view* of vaiious embodiments of the present invention for demonstrating tlw time-variant nature of the kinemasstc force field as used in establishing a secondary gravitational component
Before getting into a detailed discussion of the apparatus and the steps involved in the practice Îi the present invention, it should be helpful to an understanding if the present invention of consideration is first given to certain defining characteristics thereof, many of which bear an analogous relationship to electromagnetic field theory.
A first feature Is that the kirrematsic field é vectorial in nature. The direction of the field vector is a function of the geometry in which the relative motion between nms particles takes place.
The second significant property of the kmcmassic fifld relates the field strength in the nature of the material In the field. This property may be thought of as the kinemnssic permeability by analogy to the concept of permeability in magnetic field theory. The field strength is apparently a function of the density of the spin nuclei material comprising the field circuit members. Whereas the permeability In magnetic field theory is a function of the density of unpaired electrons, the fcinemasoic permeability is a furretion of the dcmiiy of spin nuclei and the measure of magnitude of their half integral spin values. As & consequence of this latter property, the field may be directed and confined by interposing into it denser portions of desired configuration. For example, the fWld may be in large measure confined to a doted loop of dense material starting and terminating adjacent a system wherein relative motion between masses is occurring.
A further property of the kinematic force field relates field strength to the relative spacing between two masses in relative molion with respect to one another. Thus, the strength of the resultant field è a function of the proximity of the relatively moving bodies such that relative motion occurring between two masses which arc closdy adjacent will result in the generation of a field stronger than that created when the «me two relatively moving bodies are spaced farther apart.
As mentioned above, a material consideration in generating the kinematic force field concerns the i»c of spin nuclei material. By jp»n nuclei material is meant materials in nature which exhibit a nuclear external angular momentum. This includes both the intrinsic spin of the unpaired nucleon as well as that due to the orbital mo'ion of these puefcons.
Since the dynamic interaction field arising through gravitational coupling is a function of both the mass and proximity of two fcblivdy moving bodies, then the
resultant force field is predictably maximized within the nucleus of an atom due to the relatively high densities Of the nucleons pies ibe fact that the nucleons possess both intrinsic and orbital components of ungular momen-5 turn. Such force field* may In fact account for a significant portion of the nuclear binding force found in all of nature.
It ha* been found that foe certain materials» namely those characterized by a half integral spin value, tire 10 external component of angular momentum thereof will be accompanied by a force due to the dynamic interaction of the nucleons
This i* the so-called kinem&sfc force whkh on a sub-macroscopic basis exhibits itself as a field dipole moment 15 aligned with the external angular momentum vector. These moments arc of .sufficient magnitude that they interact with adjacent, or near adjacent, spin nuclei field dipole moments of naghboripg atoms.
This latter feature gives rise to a further analogy to 20 electromagnetic field theory in that the interaction of adjacent *r>n nuclei field dipole moments gives rise fo nuclear domain-like structures within matter containing a sufficient portion of spin nuclei material.
Although certain analogies exist between the kioemas-25 sic force field and ent electromagnetic field established by the moving electrons in the atomic structure surrounding the respective spin nuclei.
As in electromagnetic field theory, in nn unpolarized san>pte the external components of angular momentum of 55 the nuclei to be subjected to a kinematic force field are originally randomly oriented such that the material exhibits no residual kmemxssic field of its own. However, establishing the necessary criteria for such a force field effects a polarization of the spin component* of adjacent 40 nuclei in a preferred direction thereby resulting in a force field which may be represented in term* of kinemassic field flux fires normal to the direction of spin.
The fact that spin nuclei material exhibits external kinemassic forces suggests that there forces should exhibit themselves on a macroscopic basis and thus be detectable, when arranged in a munner simflnr to that for demonstrating tire Barnett effect when dealing with electromagnetic phenomena.
In the Bamtft effect a long iron cylinder, when rotated qq at high speed about its longitudinal axis, was found to develop a measurable component of magnetization, the value of which was found to be proportional to :hc angular speed. The effect was attributed to the influence of the impressed rotation upon the revolving electronic sys-$5 terns due to the mass property of the unpaired electrons within the atoms.
In nn apparatus constructed in accordance with the foregoing principles it was found that a rotating member suzh as a wheel composed of spin nuclei material exhibits CO a kinemassic force field. The interaction of the spin nuclei angular momentum with inertial space cause* the spin nuclei axes of the respective nuclei of the material being spun to tend to reorient parallel with the axis of the ro-fating member. This result* in the nuclear polarization w of the spin nuclei material. With sufficient polarization, nn appreciable field of summed dipole moments emanates from the wheel rim flange surfaces tn form a secondary dynamic interaction with the dipole moments of spin 70 nuclei contained within :he facing surface of a stationary body positioned immediately adpeent the rotating member.
When the stationary body, composed of suitable >pin nuclei maictial. Is connected in spatial series with the io rotating member, ë circuitous form of kinematic field
is created; the flux of which b primarily restricted to the field circuiL
If now means are provided to periodically reverse the direction of rotation of the wheel with respect to the facing surfaces of the stationary body positioned in im-mcd;aie proximity thereto, then the resultant time-varying kinemassic flcld generate* or induces an accompanying time-varying secondary gravitational fleld in the spa« immediately surrounding. That is to »y. if the time-varying kinemassic field it made to undulate typically sinusoidally, there will be induced an accompanying undulating secondary gravitational field which is phase-related to the kinemassx field. In this repseet the induced secondary gravitational field is generated in a manner analogous to electromagnetic induction theory.
By property configuring the undulating kinemasuc field, the resultant «condary gravitational fleld may be essentially restrained to or confined within an enclosed space. Although numerous specific geometric configurations may be proposed, the necessary conditions arc established in the preferred embodiment of the present invention by enclosing the kinemassic field generating apparatus, including the rotational members and a! least a portion of the stationary member thereof, within an enclosure, the material portions of which obey the rules concerning knfcmassic pcrmcabtlity.
The kinemassic field when so configured, will shield the enclosed space both with respect to the secondary gravitational field indooed therein and with respect to the ambient gravitational field caused by the enrth and other cosmic bodies, existing externally of the shielded space. The undulating kinemassic field, which gives rise to the enclosed secondary undulating gravitational field, is effective in reducing the quantity of flux lines within the áðàñå surrounded by the undulating kinemassic field contributed by the ambient gravitational field, thus reducing the mutual force of gravitational attraction acting between this structure and the earth or other cosmic bodies dependent upon their relative contribution to the local gravitational flux densiry.
It is well known that nature opposes hetcrogcocou* field flux densities. If the oocmal local llux density contributed by the earth nnd the other cosmic bodies within the space occupied by and surrounded by the undulating kinemassic fleld permeable structure were added lo by the foicibly enclosed flux of Hit induced secondary undulating gravitational field, thb increased flux density would he in opposition to nature. Although the induced secondary undulating gravitational field would cause an undulating variation of the cosmic or primary gravitational field flux lines of force to penetrate within the kinemassic field permeable structure, if this undulation were sinusoidal, for example, tbc RMS or 0.707 value of peak reduction m mutual gravitational attraction would apply.
Means for increasing the relative magnitude of tbc undulating kinemassic field a effected by positioning a mass circuit within the induced secondary field apace. The maw circuit in linking with the undulating kinemassic field circuit results in an increase in the kinemassic field and In the same sense effectively intensifies the primary gravitational field shielding- A partial parallel can be found in electromagnetic field theory, where it h known that a shorted secondary turn enhances iron saturation.
Tbc most circuit located in the induced ««condery field space need not be comprised of material having a spin nuclei characteristic; rather, it is more important that this moss circuit have high mass density. A further desirable characteristic of thh mass circuit is that it have a capability for mass flow with respect to the undulating kiocnwric field structure. Mercury has the desired combination of properties and while other materials may be used, mercury is the most effective thus far known.
As indicated above, the effective result of generating n secondary undulating gravitational field within the space enclosed by the undulating kinemmsic field b a relative
reduction In apparent weight of the kinemassic field permeable structure, with respect to its apparent weight without such an undulating kinematic field. The explanation of this phenomenon may be readily conceived as caused 5 by the generation of a field force rector axuiparallcl in direction to the local gravitational field force vector. If the shielding is sufficiently effective to reduce tbc density of gravitational field flux Hoes within the shielded space to the equivalent of tbc ambient flux line density, there 10 will be do net local distortion of the gravitatiooal field flux line pattern in the space occupied by tlic kinemassic field permeable material or the space enclosed by the kinemassic field configuration. Without distortion of the local flux line pattern the two bodies cease to mutually 15 attract and, in effect, become weightless, one with respect to cite ocher.
Although similar In result, the technique for effecting tbc state of vreighUeisoea* in the present invention differs from conventional apparatus foe achieving such a state 20 of weightlessness. The latter, in general, utilize the force of radial acceleration to effectively "balance” the gravitational forces acting on ë body.
The relative magnitude of the undulating kinemassic force field and the kioemnselc permeability characterizing 25 the associated structure are both influential in determin-mg the effective shielding of the kinemassic Add permeable structure. If the shielding is sufficiently effective so as to reduce the primary gravitational field flux Hoe density within the enclosed space to less than that of the ambient, 30 the distortion of the local gravitational field flux line pattern of reduced flux density would result in the antipar.il-Icl field force vector magnitudes exceeding that force of the kinemassic field body's Initial weight, the effective weight of the kinecnavaic field fxrr meablc structure ab-35 sent the generated undulating kinemassic field. Thfe condition would effectively endow the kinemassic field stiUC-turc with a negative weight characteristic. As a consequence. the two bodies, that Is the kioemassk flcld body and the earth or other cosmic body, would experience 40 relative nwtion separating one another along the local primary gravitatioeal field flux lines unless acted upon by other forces.
The hardware required to generate and sustain such an undulating kinemassic field b In part comprised of com-40 poneats which continue to retain a ^non-ficld-cocrgizcd" weight during tb© period of field generation. Therefore, the ambient Rravitational field flux line pattern within the structure will simultaneously experience zones of both reduced and irvcrcased densities. It is the average density 50 of all the zones that determines the magnitude of the anti-parallel fleld force vecor in its opposttoa to the ambient gravitational field force vector. Bodies located withio the shielded «p*cc enclosed by the undulating kinemassic field will k>?e their weight with respect to the body earth in 56 direct proportion to the reduction of ambient gravttntonal field flux lines which ere common to it and the body earth.
As a consequence of the above, the shielding which results in a reduction of mutual attraction between bodies screened by the shielding effected by the undulating kine-eo maadc force flcld docs not violate tlx principle of equivalence. Thus, two fret bodies of different masses, located within the shielded space, will fall within thb space toward or away from earth with equal accelerations. Also, the force of mutual gravitational attraction of two or more 05 bodies located within the shielded space will be unaffected by tbc various degrees of shielding although their free-fall acceleration toward one another will be effected.
Haring now further defined the substantiating theory giving rise to the kincmasiic forces operative in the pres-70 ent invention, reference is now made to the aforementioned drawings depicting in general an apparatus cm-bodying tbc defining characteristics outlined above.
From the foregoing dbcuaiion. it will be appreciated that both for the purpose of detecting the kinemassic field 75 forces operative in the present invention, and for Iran*-
and carbon nuclei of these structural members are classed *9 no-spin nuclei and thuv represent high relative reluctance to the kinemawic field. Supports 16 are provided to accommodate the suspension of the upper òà» member 5 13. The supports 16 are of steel the ëòå as the horizontal support element 11. The high relative reluctance of Steel io ibe kir.cnutssk fWd minimize* the field flue k>w» created in the held series cinswl of mats member* 12 and 13, the generator 14 and the detector 15. I he loss of field It) strength r* further minimized by employing high-reluc-lance isohticn bridge* at the point of contact between the lower and upper òà» members 12 nnd 13. and the structural support member* 11 and 16.
Shunt êèëå* within (be apparatus e/e in general min-15 imized by employing the technique of minimum mass contact: the UK of low field permeability material at die isolation bridges or structural connections: and avoiding bulk mass proximity of nun-field generating components.
*>0 A number of techniques were devolped for optimizing ihe isolation bndpe units including carholoy ñîëå* and spherical spoccn. As is departed more clearly in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5. the structural connection unit ultimately utilized consisted of a hardened 6l>‘ steel cone mounted 25 within a *et screw and bearing against a hardened steel platen. The contact diameter of the cone against tl>c platen measured approximately 0.007 inch and was loaded within elastic limits. Adjustment ê made by means of turning tbc set screw within ë mated, threaded hole.
30 FIG. 2 is pr»entril in rather diagrammatic form; however, rise diagrammatic configuration emphasizes that it consists of a rotatable member corresponding to the generator 14 of FIG. I which b "sandwiched" between a pair of generally U-fhaped members corresponding to the 30 lower and upper òà» members 12 and 13 of FIG. J. The wheel of generaior 14 is mounted for rotation about an axis lying In the plane of the drawing. The generator assembly is also shown 08 being mounted for rotation about an axis perpendicular io (lac plane of the drawing: 40 however, the generator aasemWy may alternatively be oriented to rotate in the plane of (be drawing. When member 14 t* rotated rapidly with respect to the tJ-shaped members 12 and 13, a klncimssk field is generated which is normal Þ the plane defined by the rotating member and within the plane of the drawing. A* such, it may be 4,J represented in the drawing of FIG- 2. as taking a generally counter-clock wise direction with respect to tbc field series circuit member*.
Referring once more io FIG. I, it is «en that auppxt for tl\e generator unit 14 is piovided by way of a support 60 assembly 17. aho fabrxraled of steel components. The support atwmbly 17 ê in turn clamped to the horizontal structural element II by way of bracket assemblies 1Ë.
The detector 15 b of similar configuration to the gen-erator assembly 14. the exception being that the detector assembly is mounted for limited rotation about the axis normal to the plane of the paper. The limited rotational capability is effected by a knife-edge mounting 19 more clearly discernible in FIGS. ÇÀ and 3B. As will become more readily apparent from the diseuwaon of tb* ope/a-W lion of the embodiment of FIG. 1 which follow*, the knife-edge mounting enable* a slow sinusoidal oscillation of the detector assembly about its knife-edge axis.
Ë pair of light-emitting and light-sensing elements 26n and 20fr respectively arc shown in FIG. 1 in opent-** live relationship to the generator and detector assemblies 14 and 15. The function of the light-generating and-senv-ing members 2«Since the rate-measuring 75 circuit tumu» no purl of the present invention it has not
forming such force* into energy for doing useful work, several Üëre apparatus elements are necessary. First, apparatus a needed to enable masses to be placed in relative motion to one toother: which relative motion may occur in two mutually orthogonal directions. In order to maximize field strength the apparatus should be capable of srmcriiiing high velocities between the partklcb in relative ïêìêþ. Furthermore, the apparatus should be configured so (hot the proximity of the particle* which are in relative motion Is maximized. The necessity of using relatively dense fllltriol comprising half integral spin nuclei for the field circuit portion of the apparatus has already bcco stressed. These and other feature! are discussed in greater detail below m explanation of the drawing* depicting an implementation of the invention.
In considering the drawings, reference mill rirw be made to the general arrangement of components shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. Ax viewed in FIG- I. the equipment è mounted è peri a stationary base comprising a horizontal structural element 11 which resit upon poured concrete, precast concrete pilings not shown, or other suitable structurally' rigid material It should be made clear at the oul-«*. that the stationary base although not a critical element in Its present form nevertheless mtvc* an important function In ihc subject invention. Thus, the stationary base nets as a stabilized support member for mounting the equipment and. perhaps more rigaificandy, the horizontal portion thereof is of such material that it tends to localize the kinematic force held to the kincmasaic force field generating apparatus proper. This latter feature ix drtcussed in more detail below. The surface uniformity of the horizontal structural element II also facilitates the alignment ot equipment components. In the reduction to practice embodiment of the present invention a layer of shock absorbing material, not shown, wus interposed between the stationary bate and the floor.
Shown mounted on the horizontal structural element
11 is the kincmassk fccce field generating apparatus indicated generally as li. the lower portion of which U referred to a* the lower mass member 12. The lower m»« member 12 is noc to be confusingly associated with the mass circuit mentioned above as being positioned in :be space experiencing the secondary gravitational field. The nature and specific identity of the latter mentioned mats circuit wH! be more fully explained m connection with the explanation of FIG. 7.
An upper mans member 13 e positioned in mirrored relationship with respect þ member 12 and separated somewhat to provide two air gaps therebetween. Ihe lower and upper òà» members 12 ami 13 function as field circuit members m relationship to a generator 14 and n detector 15 positioned with respective one's of said two gap*. The spatial re billon ship of the generator 14. the detector IS and the mass members 12 and 13 is such as to form a kincmassk force field series circuit.
All of the material members of the field circuit ara comprised of half integral spin material. Ðîã example, the major portion of the generator 14. the detector 15. as w«ll as the upper and lower maw members 13 and
12 arc formed of a particular brass alloy containing Ë9% copper of which both isotopes provide a three-halves proton spin, 10% ziftc. and 1% lead as well as traces of tin and nickel. The zinc possesses one spin nuclei isotope which is 4.11% in abundance and likewise the lead also contains one spin nuclei isotope which is 22 6% in abundance. In order to gain an estimate of apparatus she, the upper mass member 13 has an overall length of 56 centimeters and à òà» of 45 kilograms.
It will be wen that, by far. the constituent* of the mass members arc luefa as satify the criteria of hAlf ietegral spin nuclei material tor those apparatus parts associated with the field and the use of non-spin nuclei material for those parts where it is desired to inhibit the fiefd. Accordingly. all support or structural members» such lit lltc horizontal structural element II, consist of steel. The iron
been depicted in the actual drawing nor h it the subject of further explanation.
Competed air or nitrogen is used to drive the generator and detector wheels. In this respect the compressed gas is directed against turbine buckets 21b cm in the rim of the wheel 21 of both the generator and detector assemblies and such buckets are more readily discernible in FIGS. 3. 4 and 5. The compressed ga9 is supplied to the generator and detector aasembliee by way of air supply lines 28a and 286.
FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 present details of the generator and detector assemblies of FIGS. 1 and 2. In particular, these figures disclose the relationship between a freely rotatable wheel 21. a bearing frame 22. and a pair of pole pieces 23. The bearing frame 22 n of structural steel, and functions to spatially orient the three generator parts without shunting the generated field poientkl as well as to maintain this orientation against the force moment stresses of precession.
Positioning of the generator wheel 21 with respect to the cooperative faocs of the pole ðêþåç 23 is effected by way of the bearing frame upon which the gcoerator wheel is mounted. In this respect tbs high-reluctance isolation bridges mcntioocd with respect to FIGS. 1 and 2 arc herein shown as set screws 24 which arc adjustably positioned to cooperate with hardened steel platens 25. The set screws 24 are mounted on the pole pieces 23 and are adjustably positioned whh respect to Steel platens 25 cemented to die bearing frame 22 so as to facilitate the centerigg of the generator wheel 21 with respect to the interface surfaces 23a of the pole pieces 23 In the implementation of the present invention the air gap formed between the generator wheel rim flanges arvd the Stationary pole pieces 23 was adjusted to a light-rub relationship when the wheel was slowly rotated; as such this separation was calculated to be 0.001 centimeter for a wheel spin rate of 28.000 revolution* per minute due to the resulting boop tension. In the drawing of FIG. 3 the spacing between the pole pieces 23 and the generator wheel rim fUngc has been greatly exaggerated to indicate that in fact such a spacing does exist.
The generator wheel 21 utilized in the implementation of rhe present invention has a 8.60 centimeter diameter and an axial iim dimension of 1.88 centimeters* The rim flange surfaces 2la which are those field emanating ateas closely adjacent the surfaces 23d of the pole pieces 23. are each 29.6 squire centimeters. The rim portion of the wheel bus a volume of 55.7 cubic centimeters neglecting the rim turbine slots 216.
The generator wheel 2l and an associated mounting shaft 26 are mounted on the bearing frame 22 by rooms of enclosed double rets of matched high speed bearings 27.
Shaft members 36 carry suitable bearing members 31 for rotatably mounting the generator assembly will respect to a second axis. The support assembly 17 of FIG. I is partially represented in FIG. 3, and as noted above provides the mounting means for the gen
erator assembly 14 with respect to the lower arxi upper mass members 12 and 13.
Reference is now made to FIGS. ÇË and 3B which disclose a portion of the detector 15 of FIG. I including lira knife-edge mounting 17 of FIG. 1. Adjusting means 32 aro shown connected to the bearing frame 22a of the detector assembly 15 by means of a dbe-like member 33. Attached to the tower portion of the disc 33, and depicted In the end view of the detector assembly of FIG. 3B. i% shown a second adjusting member 34. which in combination with equivalent members 32 and 34 mounted on the other erd of the detector assembly, provide ïêàãâ for symmetrically aligning the detector assembly within the gap presided by the lower and upper mass members 12 and 13. This further means that the knife-edge assembly is mounted so that the knife-odge axis h coincWeoi with the geometric axis of the detector assem-
bly. At tbs same time, the center of mass of the detector assembly is located below the geometric ocmer of the detector assembly thereby providing a righting moment to the ataembly due to the asymmetry of the mass center 5 with respect to the knife-edge axis. The adjusting means 32 is shown as bearing against the support assembly 17. thereby. In combination with the knife-edge mounting at cither end of the detect or assembly, providing an effective four point suspension for symmetrically positiorv-10 ing the detector assembly 15 within the end poles of the upper and lower maw members.
In FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 the detector a«embly 15 h shown in three different positions. As will become apparent from the discussion of the operation of the subject xys-J3 tem which follow*, the facility to so reposition the detector assembly is necessary to demonstrate its operative capabilities. Accordingly, the bearing frame 12o is rotatably mounted with respect to the disc 33 by means of a bearing surface interfacing the frame 22a with the shaft 20 35. the btter being affixed to the face of the dkc 33.
Proceed lag now to an explanation of (tic operation of the embodiment of the invention thus far decloued. it will be appreciated that in accordance with Lite theory Of operation of the present apparatus when the generator 23 wheel is made to spin at rate* upwards of 10 to 20 thousand revolutions per minute, effective polarization of spin nuclei wkhio the wheel structure gradually occurs. Thh polarization gradually gives rise to docoainlike structures whkh continue to grow so as to extend 20 (heir field dipole moment across the interface separating the iim 21 from the pole pieces 23. Secondary dynamic Interaction of gravitational coupling increases the field flux lines around the kinemassic force generating assembly. thus resulting in ever increasing total nuclear polari-35 ration of half integral spin nuclei.
The non-electroirugnctic force* so generated within the subject apparatus ÿãå primarily channeled through the high-kinemaxik permeability material defining the series field circuit of the apparatus. The fact that the high 40 speed rotatable wheel* of both the generator and detector assemblies are capable of bring positioned in a series aiding or seeks opposing relationship, facilitates the determination of the effective influence of the energies generated in one on the other.
4* The defector, when carefully balanced on its knife-edges èë shown in FIGS. ÇÀ and 3B. exhibits an oscillation period of II seconds. When the wheels are energized a Stiffening action is Induced due to the reaction of the compressed gas impingement agairvt the wheel 50 bucket 216. since the jet nozzle a fixed with respect to the apporafus base. This results in a reduction of the oscillation period to approximately 6 seconds. A light image not shown w directed against the mirrored face of the knife-edge 17 and reflected onto a calibrated wall 53 screeo. Measurements were taken with the apparatus so operative, which measurements established the oscillatory extremes of the reflected light beam for a pole-aligned relationship of the spinning generator and detector wheels. The results of ooe such set of measurements are äî recorded In FIG. 6. Therein, the x*s and dots represent extreme* in deviation while the larger circles represent (he mean thereof. The mean wus in turn uied to establish u null line to be compared with a similar null line derived from polcs-opposcd orientation of the generator and detector wheels. As a reeult. a displacement from equilibrium of approximately 13 are minutes is shown.
In order to maximise the shift of the null Hoc. the field circuit polar relationship of the generator and detector poles was reversed every 30 or 40 minute* from a rela-70 lion of poles aligned, to poles oppowd, to pole* aligned. An average null shift of 26 are minutes is indicated in FIG. 6. That the interaction between generator and detector was In fact accountable for the recorded results ns demonstratively supported when the upper mass member 75 was raised so as to create two air tips one centimeter
in length rtepeciirely. Predictably. the disruption to the field circuit continuity resulted in ihe failure of the apparatus to remitter a shift in the null lines upon reversal of the pole*
Reference h now made to FIG. 7 which discloses an apparatus committed in accordance with the principles of (he present invention for generating a time-variant secondary gravitational field. This apparatus ts a mere modification of the apparatus of FIGS. 1 rad 2 wherein one detector awembly 15 has been removed ar>J supplementary means arc provided to mechanically implement the rotation of the generator assembly 14 about the axis perpendicular to the plane of (Ik paper. These supplementary means are in the nature of an auxiliary motor 36 having a drive pulley Çß adjptcd to spin the generator assembly 14 about an axis normal to the plane of the drawing and coincident with that of the shaft 30. The shaft 20 carries a pulky 40 which is driven by the motor and pulley assembly 34-58 by way of a conventional drive belt 42. The wheal 21 of the generator assembly 14 is driven in the manner outlined above, namely by means of â source of compressed air not shown.
The supporting assembly depicted in FIG. 7 in partially sectioned form as member 44. is in reality the equivalent of the series ïèë* circuit of FIGS I and 2. inverted or turned inside out so as to form a shield foT the kine-mrae field generating apparatus. IfKludcd as part of the supporting assembly is member 44A which is provided to position the generator assembly 14 in the discontinuity formed in the mass circuit. The kincmoxsic field generated within the apparatus of FIG. 7 upon energization of (he wheel 21 is directed in an enveloping fashion about its generator, being confined in general to the shell. The ñòî» sectional thickness of the shell along equipoientul lines must be equal to order to cn-wire a homogeneous field within the structure. If now the spin rate of the wheel 21 is made to vary, or if (he generator assembly 14 is made to rotate about the axis defined by the shaft 36. a time-variant secondary gravitational field is induced in the toroidal space 44.
The secondary gravitational field undulates in a sinusoidal manner with the undulating kincmatric field confined to the series mass circuit. Since the kmcmieric field in ihe dense mass circuit 44 has been restricted through permeability, into nn enveloping shell about the Generator 14. it follows that the induced undulating secondary gravitational field is likewise restricted primarily to the enclosure 46 as live flux lines of both fields must interlink. In accordance with analogous electromagnetic field theory, the kinemavaic field flux line* and the secondary gravitational field flux line* interlink: in such manner that, as the klncmaxric field alternates» these interlinking loops decay and build up m alternate vector direction* in proper phase relation.
A hollow ring member 4* is positioned within the toroidal space 44 and supported thereby a series of fine steel wire xpokee 50 «cured to the ring and the outer portion of the inverted core housing 44 preferably è long point* of equipotectial of the kioemasoc field. Within the hoUow ring 4$ is contained a dense fluid such as mercury depicted in FIG. 7 generally as member 52. Alter natively, the ring-fluid combination may èêñ the form of a airglc solid mass. In the latter event Ibe mass circuit would be supported on bearings facilitating Ub rotation about an axis common to the axis of the generator wheel 21 in order to permit mass flow or rout ion of the mass circuit under the influence of the alternating secondary gravitational field. The shielding effected by the design cooudcrations of live toroidal shell 44 with respect to the primary gravitational field reduce* the inertial parameter of òà» acceptation within the toroidal space 46 in proportion to the ambient gravitational shielding effect With reduced inertia there will be nn appreciable rotational (low displacement of Ihe miss circuit 48-52 lor each half cycle of the induced secondary gravitational field, thereby further strengthening the coupling effected between the effective field forces i.c., the primary gravitational field, the kinematic field end the secondary gravitational field.
Comider now that the apparatus of FIG. 7 is energized such that the wheel 21 spins about its axis creating a uniformly distributed kiocmassic field throughout the entire field circuit referred to generally as that encompassed within the inverted core housing 44. As the generator assembly 14 is energized to rotate about the axis passing through shaft 30. a uniformly distributed alternating kinemassic field is established throughout the field circuit.
The presence of the undulating Ìîñòàìè; field produces a shielding effect within the inverted housing effectively restricting (Ik induced secondary gravitational field while at the same time tending to shield or force oat the flax doe to (he ambient graviutional field. As the spin rates of the wheel and the generator assembly about their respective axe* arc increased, there results a stronger undulating kinemassic force field of higher frequency. The spin rates may be so varied (hat a mean gtavilatinal flux line density within the apparatus of FIG. 7 exists which h equivalent to the primary gravitational flux line density
l.e* that doe to the earth and other cosmic bodies. This condition establishes a state of weightlessness or zero gravitational force of attiuctioo with respect to other mosses such art earth, for that particular value of gravitatxxi.il field gradient.
If die spin rates of the wheel and the generator assembly nrc further increased there tettills a “bowing-out" or spreading of the gravitational flux lines within the immediate proximity of the apparatus of FIO. 7 to as to result in a lesser local flux line density, thus resulting in the propulsion of the apparatus along the local gravitational field lines of force in a direction diametrically opposed to the local gravitational field force vector.
Because of (he nature of the interaction of the primary gravitational field, the secondary gravitational field and the kinemoisic field, the secondary gravitational field forces will continue to act upon the apparatus at it ðàÿ** into lesser gravitational field gradients; however, it will do «> with diminishing magnitudes until the local graviutional flux line density about the apparatus of FIG. 7 is no longer effectively diminished thereby. The energy required to propel a vehicle powered by an engine, such as is described above, is accounted for by way of the gravitational field potential energy gained by such a vehicle as it posses to areas of fc&scr gravitational field intensities Energy input into this engine would appear as the product of torque and rotational values about the spin axes of both the wheel and the generator assembly» *nd especially about the latter axh which is responsible for alternating the kinematic field and thereby generating the secondary graviutional component.
As was mentioned above in explanation of the embodiment of FIGS 1 and 2. the wheel 21 and the generator assembly 14 arc mounted so as to be rottUbfc in mutually orthogonal directions. It was further mentioned that such orthogonal relation is not an absolute necessity, it being only necessary that relative motion be established between the wheel 21 and the stationary pole pieces 23. The generator assembly » made to rotate thereby effecting an undulation in the kinemnsue field flux in the associated mats circuit. FIG. 7A and 7B disclose a variation of the apparatus of FIG. 7 wliich satisfies tbc baric requirement* outlined above while at the same time providing certain advantages not available m the aforementioned structure.
In this respect FIGS. 7A and 7B dirclose an embodiment wherein (be *pin axis of (h* equivalent wheel Stiuc-tore 21 aod the generator à*$åòÛó 14 arc concentric thereby eliminating ptcccssional forces present in tbc embodiment of FIG 7 due to the rotation of the respective members about the two mutually orthofonnl axe. The absence of pccceeioaal forces per mil* à ñÛ tolerance to
be established between the cooperating laces of (be wheel structure 21, the pole pieces 23 and the mass circuit 44.
The embodiment of FIOS. 7A and 7B is also to be preferred to that of FIG. 7 in that the design of the generator àì2òÛó of the former permits the encrgizailon of the & independently rotatable members 21 and 23 by means of a singk motor 36 differentially geared so ýè to effect the rotation of the wheel 21 at a speed far in excess of that of the generator assembly, and as indented, in a reverse direction thereto. 10
Ako indicated In the embodiment of FIGS. 7A and 7B is the orientation of the flux within the meat circuit, the latter being constructed preferrcdly of bismuth. It should be understood that the direction of flux within the mass circuit reverses with each reversal in orientation of the equivalent pole pieces 23 due to the rotation of the generator assembly 14.
It will be apparent from the foregoing description that there hat been provided an apparatus for generating time-variant kioeratstic forces due to the dynamic interaction 20 of relatively moving bodies. Although in its disclosed application, the ttofr-var
lam kinemxssic force has been described in relation to its function of generating a secondary gravitational force, tt should be readily apparent that other equally basic application of the» forces are 25 contemplated.
Thus, in addition to providing an effective propulsion technique, the principles of the present invention may be utilized for the purpose of generating localized mens of gravitational shielding for housing medkal patients lor 20 which such weight reductions would be beneficial. la addition, the principle2 may be adapted to laboratory use. as for example the analysis of the effects of a sustained reduction of V value upon astronauts and for special-reed manufacturing techniques. 35
While in aocordaiKC with the provisoes of the statutes there has been illustrated and described the beu form of the invention known, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes may be made in the apparatus described without departing from the spirit of the inveo- 40 tion as let forth in the appended claims» and that in sumo ñààé. certain feature2 of the invention may be used to advantage without a corresponding use of Other feature2.
Having now described the invention, what is claimed as new and for which it b desired to secure Letters 45 Patent b:
1. An apparatus for establishing a time-variant kinematic force field resulting from the relative motion of moving bodies, comprising a generator assembly independent portions of which are mounted to assume rcU- 50 five rotational motion about at least ÿ single axb located within said geoerasor assembly, a òàè circuit of dense material of discontinuous configuration, moons for positioning snid generator assembly within said mass circuit discontinuity, and means for initiating independent relative rotational motion of said generator assembly portions whereby an undulating kincnwwc force field is established within said òàë» circuit.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1 further character- ^
ized in that said òàè circuit and said relatively moving portions are comprised of spin nuclei material.
3. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said òàè circuit is further characterized by first and second U-shaped members positioned in mirrored relationship with reepect to each other and displaced wmewhat eo as to form two gaps therebetween, one of said gaps corresponding to said mass circuit discontinuity and being adapted to receive Mid generator assembly and the other mid gap being adapted to receive a detector assembly.
4. Apparatus constructed in accordance with claim I wherein said mass circuit is further characterized by a ishdl of generally toroidal configuration having a cylindrical central portion within which is located said òàãà circuit discontinuity.
5. An apparatus constructed in accordance with claim 2 wherein said generator assembly mounted within said mass citcuit discontinuity further comprise2 a rotatable member, a frame, means for mounting said rotatable member on said frame, pole pbee2 mounted on said frame on either side of said rotatable member, each pole piece presenting a generally circular face in close proximity to but spaced from a face of said routable member, means for effecting the rotation of said rotatable member about a first axis, and means for rotating said frame about a secood axis oriented perpendicular to said first axis.
6. Apparatus constructed in accordance with claim 4 and further characterized by a cense mass ring mounted within the walls Of said shell structure hy mounting means establishing small area contact between said mass ring and said shell structure.
7. An apparatus constructed In accordaivre with claim 6 wherein said dense mass ring h further comprised of a hollow shell housing a liquid metal of suitable dcuaity.
&. Apparatus according to claim 6 wherein said dens» òàè ling Las as its axis (be axb of revolution defining the surface of «id shell.
9. Apparatus constructed according to daim 3 wherein said shell is further chanKterized as being of equal cross soctionnl area normal to (be kinematic field lines of force.
10. A method of generating a time-variant kmcmassic force field including the steps of:
juxtaposing in field series relationship a first member comprised of spin nuclei material of half integral spin value and a second member similarly constituted, portions of said first member being adapted to assume relative rotational motion about at least a single axis;
initiating the independent rotation of said first member about at least a single axis whereby an undulating kincmassic force field è established therein;
and so contignring said second member as to confine said undulating kincmassic force field thereto whereby a time-variant secondary gravitational force field
is ieduced in the surrounding space.
No references cited
HARLAND S. SKOGQUIST, Primary Examiner
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
Patent No. 3,626,605_ Dated December 14, 1971
Inventor (a) Henry W. Wallace____
It is certified th3t error appears in the above-identified patent and chat said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown belgw:
IN THE SPECIFICATION
Column 1, lines 19 to 42, should appear as a part of the "Abstract of the Disclosure”.
|Column||2, line 31, "three" should read —there—.|
|Column||3, line 31, "if" should read —of--.|
|Column||3, line 32, ”of" should read —if—.|
|Column||7, line 51, "with" should read —within—.|
|Column||a, line 73, "rate-sensing" should read —rate-measuring--|
|Column||11, line 10, "one" should read —the—.|
|Column||13, line 15, "reverseal" should read —reversal—.|
Signed and sealed this 5th day of September 1972.
EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK
The quaterised Julia set Qn+i = Qn + C0 is assumed to be an accurate mathematical representation of the Universal space-time. The generic quaternion Q0 belongs to the Julia set associated with the quaternion C, and n tends to infinity. If we assume that the quaternion value C0 is associated with the Universal spacetime 29, Ci is the value of quaternion C for the space-time anomaly associated with lowered pressure of inflationary vacuum state 27, and C2 is the value of quaternion C for the space-time anomaly associated with elevated pressure of inflationary vacuum state 28, then we can construct two diagrams.
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